Beside baseball caps, straw hats, which hat has the most highest photographed rate? If you always surfing on Instagram, Twitter, then you will find that the military navy hat aka Captain Cap is the shiniest star of the sky.
It also has many more names: Greek Fisherman hat, Breton cap, Johon Lennon hat,Mariner’s cap, skipper cap, fiddler cap, Lenin cap or Mao Cap.
Of course, each name actually has a little difference between each other. anyway, we will call it Military Navy hat.
Here is some for example. They have the common features: hard and short brim, soft and flat top, made from wool or leather or PU, and has a tough and standing sweatband/band, some of them has a braid from the left to the right of the brim/band.
If the picture owner happens to read my article and this violates your copy right, tell me and we will delete the pictures.
As if these gorgeous are having the same vision on this hot hat shape.
History of this Military Hat
High TOP hats are the origin of the military hat.
Tracing back to Napoleon times, the European countries’ soldiers commonly wore the hat with TOP crown hats. Why? Because it can raise the armies moral by higher battle array.
This towering hat is closely related to the mainstream European infantry tactics of the 18th century. Its most vivid description is “queuing the gun.” In fact, the result of this kind of battle is not so much dependent on the intensity of firepower as it depends on morale, because as long as you witness a certain casualty, the soldiers will fall into panic. Whoever can persist longer will win the victory.
Is there any way to agglutinate my morale and fight against enemy morale? In addition to killing the enemy as soon as possible, the rigorous military capacity is also regarded as a key element: a tall and mighty wall can not only motivate companions, but also give the enemy tremendous psychological pressure. All kinds of well-designed military uniforms have emerged as the times require. In order to highlight the image of their own tall and mighty, the height of the military cap is constantly upgrading.
And what if sometimes the enemy aims at your head, while the bullet just passed by your hats, and leave your life intact?
The British Royal Guards still wearing these towering hats.
The Russians Developed the origin model.
On September 23, 1811, the Russians replaced their junior combatants with a new cap. They gave up the style of the nightcap and moved closer to the French and Prussian styles. However, it reduced the height of the bucket cap by half. The neck is removed, consisting only of a dark green cap and a red headband. The Russian military cap is obviously more economical and reduces the difficulty of processing.
Marshal Kutuzov, a Russian famous general, likes to wear a military cap when he is wearing an officer’s hat, to show his fellowship with the soldiers. He is the First Right in the painting.
While these military hats did not have brims like modern styles.
In 1812, Napoleon invaded Russia in a big way, Russia mobilized to fight against strong enemies, and a large number of militiamen were levied. The Russian militia had no money to equip the luxurious and tall regular military caps, and only had a simple cap on the battlefield.
Some Russian militia from St. Petersburg put the caps of the regular military cap on the military caps, so the cap became the style:
In 1813, Napoleon’s defeated by Russia, the Russian army chasing the French army all the way west, Prussia and the German states also counterattack, the newly formed East Prussian militia copied a large block from the Russian army in transit, it is the independence of the German nation. The symbol became the standard attire of the German militia and reserve forces, and became popular during the Leipzig national war.
The Prussian famous General Bluscher also likes to wear the cap of this militia. His classic image on the battlefield is this:
The Greatest Salesman of Russia lead the trend of Military Cap
However, the first expansion of the Russian big cap only ends here. After the Napoleonic Wars, the French army was still the benchmark of the national army. The French-style cap still led the trend of military uniforms. The countries that accepted the big caps were only Russia and Germany. In 1817, Russia established the standard shape of the military cap on the width and the narrowness of the cap, but it did not attract much attention because of Russia’s marginal position in Europe.
However, the big caps invented by the Russians were introduced to the United Kingdom in a peculiar way.
In 1856, the United Kingdom decided to provide uniforms for ordinary sailors. Previously, navies were only uniformed by officers. The only exception was that the Russian sailors used the same design as the Army caps.
When the British designed the costumes for the sailors, they fully copied the Russian military caps as the sailor caps. The big caps were used as the officers. The United Kingdom is also a model for the world navy. These Russian elements have been extended to the navies of various countries by the British Second Biography.
While Military Navy Hat is not so popular in German Yet.
Compared to Russia, the Germans do not have much enthusiasm for the big cap shape itself. The German-style big caps of the 19th century were made by small factories all over the country, and the officers’ costumes were made by individuals. Therefore, you will see that the German (Prussian) soldiers in the same era have a variety of large cap shapes, and the standards are not united at all:
Moreover, the standard 1867 military cap is even more similar to a French straight cap. By 1896, Germany had stipulated that the crown should be at least 5 cm wider than the lower cap.
But, it is German who made this Navy Cap popular worldwide.
However, it was precisely at the end of the 19th century that the Germans spread their big flat top hat to various industries around the world. The German people made two key contributions to this: First, the civil uniform system was created and applied to many industries, so that uniforms are no longer military patents. Second, through the war of law and the rise of the economy has become a model for all countries, so that German-style uniforms are popular all over the world.
Germany is the first country to put a big cap on non-military occupations such as postmen and train crews. The source of this phenomenon dates back to 1785.
This year, King of Prussia, Frederick II, decided to develop a uniform for the national postman. This is a proposal from the postal chief Von Werder: the postman is a government employee who is responsible for transmitting information and wants to run around the country on various occasions. It should be eye-catching and decent. But the postmen don’t have the money to wear beautiful dresses, and it is obviously a good choice to issue uniform uniforms.
Is the Prussian postman uniform in 1855 much like a military uniform?
Its basic style is exactly the same as the military uniform at the time, because the only uniform system was the military uniform. Moreover, both of them belong to the official dress, and they also represent the image of the government and the level of identity. The design elements of the same connection do not make people feel different.
The appearance of the postman uniform opened a door for the various departments of the Prussian government. For the same reasons as the Post Office, they have asked for uniforms for their employees.
The “capsules of the land” that the Chinese deeply remembered were not the only landscapes of the socialist countries: as early as the early 19th century, the scope of application of such military uniforms extended to all sectors of the German government and its various industries.
That’s right, all kinds of jobs.
For example, the following 2005 miners’ parade in Saxony was the first German miner uniform.
Workers of large boiler plants in Germany in 1899.
The expansion of uniforms in Germany is highly coincident with the process of establishing a modern bureaucratic state in Prussia. In response to the fierce military competition at the end of the 18th century, the German state has strengthened the government’s control over society. The natural result is the expansion of the bureaucracy and the spread of the “first army politics” culture in society. The big cap from Russia was finally stuck on the head of every German man.
The Franco-Prussian War of 1873 determined the direction of the struggle between the two hat routes.
After the defeat of France, the French army lost its status as the benchmark of the world’s army. The official helmet of Germany was instantly popular. When the Germans began to use the 1896-type big caps, which were obviously different from the caps, the British, American, Japanese and other countries were following suit. The French colors in the national caps soon disappeared.
Here is a link to the wikipedia: It shows countries have used this symbolic hats as their military uniform.
The Greece Fisherman Hat.
Well, how the military hat stepped into the fashion industry and become so welcome in the new 21 centuries?
We believe it is from that time, there is a branch of this hat, came to Greece, and about 1880s’ the hat was widespread around the nation, and workers, seamen everybody got one. the brim sometimes changed into soft brim. and here is a decorative cord chinstrap. The Greek Fisherman is most commonly associated with seamen, hence the name, and is still a staple of many maritime military groups. that’s why it also called Greece fisherman hat.
Different with the true military navy hat, it has more soft crowns, so it is easy for daily wearing, and much lighter.
Lenin and His Signature Cap
in 1920’s Lenin seems wearing this hat so often and this hat has been named after him.
Military Hat in USA
The flat hat was in the Bluejackets’ seabag for over one hundred years from 1852 until April 1, 1963. Cost and availability of materials led to its demise as a uniform item. The hat band, called a “talley” originally displayed a sailor’s unit. Prior to World War II, in January 1941, the unit name was replaced with U.S. Navy (or U.S. Coast Guard) for security of ship movements.
And also in the streets, newsboys quickly follow the trend from the army.
While the Flat Top Hat seems the special for ranked officers, since War I and War II.
The hat became standard uniform to the Air force, the Navy, and also, later on became the policeman headgear.
Back to Fashion Trend, Who brought this hat into civilian’s favorite hat?
In 1950’s, There is a charming movie star in USA, he is Marlon Brando. He and these handsome looks in the Brando hat for the post of The Wild One, make this trend unstoppable.
in 1960’s, The leader pop star group Beatles became a household word, especially after there tour in the USA, everybody is talking about them, listening to their sons, of course, fancy about what they are wearing, from clothes to the hats. And Lennon lead this military style hat into fashion industry.
there are more people made contributions to the trend of the military navy hat into a must have accessories, we are not going to mention them all here.